Philip William of Neuburg, Elector Palatine (German: Philipp Wilhelm) (24 November 1615 – 2 September 1690) was Count Palatine of Neuburg from 1653 to 1690, Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1679 and Elector of the Palatinate from 1685 to 1690.
Son of Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg and Magdalene of Bavaria.
In 1685, with the death of his Protestant cousin, the Elector Palatine Charles II, Philip William inherited the Electorate of the Palatinate, which thus switched from a Protestant to a Catholic territory.
The rival claims to the Palatinate of the Duchess of Orléans, Louis XIV’s sister-in-law, was the pretext for the French invasion of the Palatinate in 1688, which began the Nine Years War.
He married twice; first to Princess Anna Catherine Constance Vasa, daughter of Sigismund III Vasa and Constance of Austria. The couple had a son who died at birth.
Anne Catherine Constance herself died in 1651.
In 1653 Philipp Wilhelm was married to Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt, with whom he had 17 children, including the next two Palatine Electors, John William and Charles III Philip, as well as Elector-Archbishop Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg.
The second marriage, a 37-year-long marriage was regarded as extremely happy and over its course, produced 17 children, many of whom have descendants today.
In the early years of their marriage, the couple lived in Düsseldorf, where they founded churches and monasteries.