Shiv Charan Mathur (14 February 1926 – 25 June 2009) was an Indian politician. A leader of the Indian National Congress, he was Chief Minister of Rajasthan from 1981 to 1985 and again from 1988 to 1989; later, he was Governor of Assam from 2008 to 2009.
Mathur became Chief Minister of Rajasthan on 14 July 1981 and held that post until 23 February 1985. Subsequently he was Chief Minister again from 20 January 1988 to 4 December 1989. In 2003 he was elected as a MLA from Mandalgarh (Bhilwara).
Despite not having achieved mass appeal Mathur gained high office via his unique aptitude and with key support from the Congress partie’s inner sanctum .
Appointed as Governor of Assam in 2008, he remained in that post until his death from cardiac arrest on 25 June 2009