Nityananda Mohapatra (17 June 1912 – 17 April 2012) was an Indian Odia politician, poet and journalist.
He was imprisoned three times by the British Raj between 1930 and 1942 for nationalist activities. He came to literary prominence as editor of the Odia magazine Dagara,and as a short story writer after independence.In his political career Mohapatra served as a member of the Odisha Legislative Assembly from 1957 to 1971and as state Minister of Supply and Cultural Affairs from 1967 to 1971
He died on 17 April 2012 at around 9:45 AM at Kharavelanagar, Bhubaneswar, Odisha from complications of Respiratory Failure. He had been in a coma at the Aditya Care Hospital following a breathing problem. He was three months short of his 100th birthday
Mohapatra received the Odisha Sahitya Akademi Award in 1974 and the Kendra Sahitya Akademi Award in 1987 for his novel Gharadiha