Nashad

11 Jul 1923
14 Jan 1981
Film Industry
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Nashad (11 July 1923 – 14 January 1981) was a composer and music director of Indian and Pakistan film industry. He composed music for Hindi films in 1940s and 1950s, credited under the names Nashad or Shaukat Haideri and then migrated to Pakistan in 1964.

Nashad was born Shaukat Ali in Delhi, British India, in 1923. He received his early academic education in a local high school in Delhi. He learned to play the flute. He moved to Bombay in the early 1940s. He composed under several names before finally settling for Nashad. He made his music debut under the name Shaukat Dehalvi in the 1947 action film Dildaar. The director was Shiv Raj, and it had lyrics by C.M. Muneer. The cast consisted of Sagina, Yashonat, Dev Radha and Deepak. He composed as Shaukat Ali for the 1948 film Jeene Do. Made under the banner of J. Hind Chitra, its director was A. F. Keeka and K. A. Majeed, and the cast included Monica Devi, Panalal, Harish, Ratan Piya, Laila Gupta and Shanta Kanwar. He used his real name Shaukat Ali to compose for the 1948 film Payal.

In 1948, he also composed songs for film Toote Taare (1948) as Shaukat Dehalvi. Released under the banner of Sheikh Mukhtar’s film production unit called “Omar Khayyam films”, the director was Harish, and the cast included Shamim Banu and Motilal. In this film, he composed Mughal Empereor Bahadur Shah Zafar’s famous ghazal “Na Kisi Ki Aankh Ka Noor Hoon” which became very popular throughout India. In 1949, He composed music for actor-director Yakub’s film, Aiye. The film starred Yaqub and Sulochna Chatterji. In 1949, Nashad using the name Shaukat Ali Haideri composed songs for the film “Dada”. The director was Harish, and it was released under the banner of “Omar Khayyam films”, the cast included Sheikh Mukhtar, Begum Para, Munawwar Sultana, Shyam, Murad, Mukri, and Gullu. It was released in Jubilee cinema, Karachi. In 1953, film director, Nakshab Jarachavi, changed Shaukat Ali’s name to Nashad, which he retained for the rest of his life. The story behind the name change has been written in the book “Naushad: Zarra Jo Aaftaab Bana” (Penguin). The director initially approached Naushad Ali for composing the music for his film. When Naushad Ali refused, the irate director Nakshab Jarchavi then changed Shaukat Ali’s name to Nashad, to make it sound like Naushad. Nashad composed for Jarachavi’s 1953 film Naghma, starring Nadira and Ashok Kumar.

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