Bijon Bhattacharya (Bengali: বিজন ভট্টাচার্য) (17 July 1915 – 19 January 1978) was a prominent Indian theatre and film personality from Bengal.
Bhattacharya was born in 1915 at Faridpur (now in Bangladesh) in a Hindu, Bengali Brahmin family, and was early a witness to the destitution and penury of the peasantry of that land. He became a member of the Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA), a left-leaning group of artists who aimed at reflect the suffering of the poor in their work, so as to make a social impact for the betterment of that section of society.
One of Bijon’s most celebrated plays, Nabanna (Harvest), based on the Bengal famine of 1943, was an IPTA production, and an inspiration of the film Dharti Ke Lal, which he co-wrote with film’s director Khwaja Ahmad Abbas, another IPTA member.
Bijon Bhattacharya married the Jnanpith Award winning Bengali writer, Mahasweta Devi. Their only son Nabarun Bhattacharya, a Bengali writer, was born in 1948.