Muhammad Habibur Rahman (Bengali: মুহাম্মদ হাবিবুর রহমান; 3 December 1928 – 11 January 2014) was a former chief justice of Bangladesh Supreme Court in 1995.
He was the chief adviser of the 1996 caretaker government which oversaw the Seventh parliamentary elections in Bangladesh.
He was educated in Kolkata, Dhaka, Oxford and London. He attended Dhaka University and was an activist in the Bengali Language Movement.
He was a Fellow of Bangla Academy and Asiatic Society of Bangladesh; Honorary Fellow of Worcester College, Oxford; and also Honorary Bencher of Honourable Society of Lincoln’s Inn, London .
Habibur Rahman began his career as a Lecturer in History of Dhaka University in 1952.
Later he joined Rajshahi University where he subsequently held the office of Dean of the Faculty of Law (1961) and of Reader in History (1962–64).
Habibur Rahman changed his profession in 1964 when he took to law and joined the Dhaka High Court Bar .
In his legal career he held the offices of Assistant Advocate General (1969), Vice President of High Court Bar Association (1972) and member of Bangladesh bar council(1972).
He is an author of seventy books in Bengali on law, language, literature, poetry and religion and five books in English, including two books of verse.
Law of Requisition (1966), Rabindra Prabandhey Sanjna O Parthakya Bichar (1968), Jatha-sabda (1974), Matri-bhashar Sapakshey Rabindranath (1983), Qur’an-sutra (1984), Bachan O Prabachan (1985), Gangariddhi thekey Bangladesh (1985), Rabindra Rachanar Rabindra-byaksha (1986), Rabindra-kabyey Art, Sangeet O Sahitya (1986), Koran-shorif Sorol Banganubad, On Rights and Remedies, Amara ki Jabo-na Tader Kachhey Jara Shudhu Banglai Katha Baley (1996).
His contributions to the Language Movement, 21 February 1952 of Bangladesh is remarkable.He was the first person to break the Section 144 lead the first batch of procession and was arrested soon after that.
On that day,The police and parliamentary forces resorted to widespread tear gas shelling, clubbing and finally shooting.
Consequently, several students were killed, hundreds were injured and thousands were arrested.
The unique event was later recognized by the international community and 21 February is considered to be International Mother Language Day (Announced by UNESCO, 17 November 1999).
On 11 January 2014, at the age of 85, he died at United Hospital, Gulshan, Dhaka.