Autar Singh Paintal M.D. Ph.D. (September 24, 1925, in Mogok, Burma – December 21, 2004, in Delhi, India)was a medical scientist who made pioneering discoveries in the area of neurosciences and respiratory sciences.
He was a merit student and did his post graduation in Physiology from King George Medical College, Lucknow.
Paintal completed his Ph.D under the supervision of David Whitteridge in Edinburgh.
His major contribution to the world of Science is the development of a single-fiber technique for recording afferent impulses from individual sensory receptors. Paintal discovered several sensory receptors including atrial B receptors, pulmonary J-receptors, ventricular pressure receptors, stomach stretch receptors, and muscle pain receptors. They have set the beginning of new era in physiological understanding.
Paintal returned to India in 1953 and joined All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. He later became Director of the Vallabhai Patel Chest Institute. He was also the first Principal of University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi Paintal subsequently was elevated to Director General of the Indian Council of Medical Research and he was also the founder president of Society of Scientific Values.
Paintal had 3 children by his first wife Iris Paintal. His eldest daughter, Dr. Anita Tripathi, studied medicine and taught physiology at King George’s Medical College in Mumbai. Paintal’s second daughter Priti Paintal is an established music composer in the UK with her own company ShivaNova (www.shivanova.com). Paintal’s son Dr. Gautam Paintal is a professional geologist. Paintal’s second wife Dr. Ashima Anand-Paintal is also a scientist.