Boris Borisovich Yegorov ( November 26, 1937, Moscow – September 12, 1994, Moscow) was a Soviet physician-cosmonaut who became the first physician to make a space flight.
Yegorov came from a medical background, with his father a prominent heart surgeon, and his mother an ophthalmologist.
He also selected medicine as a career and graduated from the “First Moscow Medical Institute” in 1961.
During the course of his studies, he came into contact with Yuri Gagarin’s training and became interested in space medicine.
Yegorov was selected as a member of the multi-disciplinary team that flew on Voskhod 1.
It has been suggested that his father’s influence within the Politburo may have had some bearing on the selection.
As a result of this space flight, Yegorov was awarded the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union on October 19, 1964.
Yegorov earned his doctorate in medicine, with his specialisation being in disorders of the sense of balance.
Yegorov was married three times and fathered three children. He died from a heart attack in 1994. The asteroid 8450 Egorov is named in his honor.
He was awarded:
Hero of the Soviet Union
Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR
Order of Lenin
Order of the Red Banner of Labour
Medal “For the Development of Virgin Lands”
Nine jubilee medals
Hero of Socialist Labour (Vietnam)
Banner Order of the Hungarian People’s Republic
Медаль «25 лет Народной власти»