Lee Kuan Yew, GCMG, CH (born Harry Lee Kuan Yew, 16 September 1923 – 23 March 2015), was a Singaporean politician.He was the first Prime Minister of Singapore, governing for three decades. He has been described as Singapore’s ‘founding father’ and the ‘architect of Singapore’s prosperity’.
As the co-founder and first Secretary-General of the People’s Action Party (PAP), he led the party to eight victories from 1959 to 1990, and oversaw the separation of Singapore from Malaysia in 1965 and its subsequent transformation from a relatively underdeveloped colonial outpost with no natural resources into a “First World” Asian Tiger. He was one of the most influential political figures in Asia.
Singapore’s second prime minister, Goh Chok Tong, appointed him Senior Minister in 1990. He held the advisory post of Minister Mentor, created by his son Lee Hsien Loong, when the latter became the nation’s third prime minister in August 2004. With successive ministerial positions over 50 years, Lee was also one of history’s longest-serving ministers. On 14 May 2011, Lee and Goh announced their retirement from the cabinet after the 2011 general election but Lee remained a Member of Parliament.
Lee died on 23 March 2015 at Singapore General Hospital, where he had been warded over a month for pneumonia while his condition deteriorated.