Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya was the founder of Banaras (Hindu) University which stands as an enduring memorial to his foresight, educational ideals, and passion for Indian culture. Malaviyaji attended the Congress session from 1886 to 1936 and presided over the sessions of 1909 and 1918. In his presidential address at the Lahore session he declared that “it is righteousness alone that wins.”
Born at Allahabad in an orthodox Brahmin family, young Malaviya had his early education in Sanskrit. He graduated from the Calcutta University in 1884 and started his career as a teacher. He edited a Hindu weekly called “Hindustan” and an English weekly called “Indian Union.”
Malaviyaji was the Vice Chairman of the Allahabad Municipality and member of the provincial Legislative Council and of the Imperial Legislative Council. He was a gifted speaker. He was a member of the Indian Industrial Commission in 1916. He attended the Round Table Conference in London in 1931
The “Spotless Pandit,” as Malaviyaji was described by a member of the Viceroy’s Executive Council, was the epitome of selfless service in the cause of the nation. Though orthodox in his personal habits, Malaviyaji was for removing the disabilities of women and the depressed classes of people.